Have you ever gone out to dinner to enjoy a delicious meal with your friends when suddenly, someone gets all red and puffy? Their eyes and lips begin to swell, and rashes appear all over their body. In some cases, they even begin to have difficulty breathing as their airways constrict making it difficult for them to get the oxygen they need.
It’s an allergic reaction and you need to act quickly so that matters don’t get any worse than they already are. Ideally, you should be able to get them to an urgent care center immediately, but in the meantime, you should also be able to know how to give first aid on the spot. Here are some of the things you can do to alleviate the discomfort of the person suffering from an allergic reaction.
Check the Symptoms
Depending on the severity of their allergy, the person can show symptoms as immediately as they come in contact with the allergen. While itching, hives, and facial swelling are common indicators, there are some that are not as visible.
Nausea, wheezing, dizziness, light-headedness, or a weakened and fast pulse can be symptoms that are not immediately noticeable to another person. If you notice anything amiss from your companion, and if they suddenly look uncomfortable, ask if they are feeling any of these signs. Sometimes, fainting could also occur.
Keep Them Calm and On Their Back
In severe cases of allergy, anaphylaxis can occur. This is a condition wherein a person experiences a sudden drop in blood pressure, difficulty in breathing, and shock. This requires immediate attention otherwise it can lead to respiratory distress or even cardiac arrest.
If you suspect anaphylaxis, see if you can give them an adrenaline shot using epinephrine. It’s important that you are able to keep them calm, especially if the allergy spreads fast and is severe. It would be better for them to like on their back, with their feet raised about 12 inches off the ground to improve blood circulation. Also check that their clothing is loose so that it doesn’t further constrict their breathing. If they start vomiting or bleeding, it’s best to turn them on their side.
Usually, over the counter antihistamines should work fine in addressing generic allergic reactions. Decongestants can also help alleviate stuffy nose, which can cause discomfort in breathing. Nasal sprays, topical creams, and eye drops can also help.
Even if the symptoms subside with the help of your quick action, however, it is crucial that the individual still gets sent to an urgent care centerin Orange Beach, AL, such as Southern Rapid Care. They would still need to be fully checked up and given any more necessary medication before they can be finally declared in the clear.
Allergic Reaction First Aid: What to Do. Healthline.com.
Allergic Reaction Treatment.WebMD.com.